A national monument known as Monas is one of the pride of all us as citizens. Tugu Monas Jakarta is located right in the heart of the nation’s capital and as the Government of the Republic of Indonesia, Tugu Monas towering beat the grandeur of the buildings around it. The monument was established with the purpose of warning as a monument to the memory of the resistance and the struggle of the people of Indonesia in the Netherlands against colonialism during the revolution of independence in 1945.
History Of Tugu Monas Jakarta
Tugu Monas Jakarta or Monument Nasional is an icon of the city of Jakarta, became tourist attractions and educational center that interests of citizens of Jakarta and its surrounding areas. The national monument was established in 1959 and inaugurated two years later in 1961. The overall building of the monument was designed by the architects Indonesia namely Soedarsono, Frederich Silaban and IR. Rooseno. On August 17, 1961, the monument was inaugurated by President Sukarno. And began to open to the public since July 12, 1975.
While the city’s forest park area around Monas formerly Gambir Field. Then changed its name several times into Field Ikada, Merdeka square, the monument and later became the Grounds of the monument.
Overview of Tugu Monas Jakarta
1. The size and contents of the monument
The monument was built as high as 132 metre phallus-shaped and yoni. The entire building is lined by marble.
2. Tongues of Fire
At the Summit there are bowls on it there is a flame of bronze high 17 meters and a diameter of 6 meters with a weight of 14.5 tons. This flame is coated with gold by weight 45 kg. Flame Monument consists of 77 parts are put together.
3. The Court of the Summit
Summit yard breadth of 11×11 m. to reach Court Summit, visitors can use the elevator with travel time about 3 minutes. Around the elevator there emergency stairs. Summit yard from Monas, the visitors could see the buildings of skyscrapers in the city of Jakarta. Even if the air is clear, visitors can see Mount Salak in West Java as well as in the Java Sea with the thousand islands.
4. Lower Court
The court below the extent of 45×45 m. height from the base of the monument to the court below 17 meters. In this section you can see the Monument which is forest city.
5. Sejarah Perjuangan Nasional Museum
At the bottom of the monument there is a spacious room that is the National Museum. IE 8 meters high. The museum displays the history of the struggle of the nation of Indonesia. The area of the museum is the 80×80 m. on the four sides of the museum there are 12 diorama (demonstration window) which display the history of Indonesia from the age of the ancestral kingdoms Nations of Indonesia until the G30S PKI.
Tugu Monas Jakarta’s Architecture
National Monument symbolizes the architecture of lingga and yoni that is familiar with the culture of the nation of Indonesia in the Hindu Kingdom and Buda. It also describes the Pestle and Mortar which is a household tool for mengulek seasoning food everyday. High Court of the bowls as personofikasi of mortar is 17 m. Wide saucer-shaped square is 45 m x 45 m. While the inside of the cup is a space with a height of 8 m indoor indoors called Hall of independence, his room-shaped amphitheater surrounding the 4 Attributes of independence of INDONESIA, namely the Republic of Indonesia Islands Map, flags Sang Saka Merah Putih, Bhineka Tunggal Ika coat of arms , and the door Arch containing the proclamation of independence of the Republic of Indonesia. All of it is aimed at reminding us back to the date of the proclamation of the independence of Indonesia, namely on 17 August 1945.
Tugu Monas Jakarta location is surrounded by Historic Sights.
This location is right in front of the Presidential Palace of the Republic of Indonesia on jl. Medan Merdeka Selatan, Jakarta, and is surrounded by important sights of Jakarta, such as Museum Gajah, Istiqlal Mosque, and the Khatedral Catholic Church, making excursions to the national monument, or often abbreviated with the monument to be an interesting experience.
Moreover, the monument is surrounded by a vast green fields, and is open every day (except Mondays in the last week of the lid), allowing family visits on a Saturday, Sunday, or holiday while exercising in the area surrounding the monument, while visiting a Museum Diorama of nation Indonesia’s independence struggle. Don’t forget to stop by home straight to the Mosque, the largest Mosque in Istiklal, Southeast Asia, and the Roman Catholic Cathedral, the Church has also become a tourist icon.
Museum of history at Tugu Monas Jakarta
Under a space saucer, i.e. 3 m below the ground level there is a room of History Museum covering an area of 80 m x 80 m with walls, pillars, and the floor is marble-encrusted overall. In this Museum of history there are 51 demonstration window/dioramas capture events from the time the ancestors of a nation of Indonesia, the struggle to seize and retain independence, until the time of filling. In addition there are also photos of the documentation of the process of the construction of the national monument in Jakarta. With the tour visiting the monument, guaranteed our insights about what the meaning of Freedom for the citizens of Jakarta and Indonesia will definitely increase.
Enjoy The City Of Jakarta From The Height Of The Peak Tugu Monas Jakarta.
By visiting the national monument, we have the opportunity to see the city of Jakarta from a height of 115 m from ground level, i.e. from the top of the monument, with only limited a little protective iron, with some pretty windswept toned, must surely be an unforgettable experience. You can see the city Jakarta freely until the whole pelosoknya, with the skyscrapers below us, partly covered in a cloud of mist. An experience that cannot be obtained elsewhere in Jakarta.
The Court of the Summit of Pillar national monument is located at an altitude of 115 metres from Monas, the page can be reached by elevator capacity 11 passengers (plus one person guides the elevator Manager, actual capacity 12 people). Summit yard breadth is 11 m x 11 m and can accommodate up to 50 people. From here we can see the skyscrapers and Jakarta to the ends. There are also rented binoculars with a price of only Rp 2,000, while binoculars. See the sights of Jakarta there is very interesting, but why have a fear of heights, it cannot be denied that fear will appear, as noticed all the skyscrapers and clouds below us. Moreover, when a rather toned wind whipping clothes us, as if we will fly. Well, but that’s one of the charms of the tours in the monument. Calculate while travelling, we are also our adrenaline.
What’s interesting is, at the top of the monument, put a flame that never goes out, symbolizing the resolve of the nation of Indonesia to fight that will not die out over time. Tongue of fire formed from 14.5 ton bronze wrapped by the 50 kg of gold. Tongue of fire height 2 meters and 6 meters in diameter, composed of 77 parts that was merged. Peak height of the flame is 132 meters from Tugu Monument National page.
In the garden you can play with the deer herd is accidentally imported from Bogor to enliven it. In addition you can also work out at the park with friends and family. Monas Park is also equipped with outdoor fountains dancing. Dancing fountain show is very interesting to watch at night. The fountain will move with the beautiful bend appropriate songs played. In addition there are also colorful laser show at this fountain.
For those of you that want to maintain good health, in addition to exercising in the Park of the monument, you can perform a free reflexology. In the Park provided a fairly sharp rocks for your departure while massaged reflection. This park also provided some field futsal and basketball courts that can be used by anyone. Welcome to Jakarta, capital of Indonesia.
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