Tongkonan Toraja is is one of the relics of the famous historical buildings in Indonesia and become a cultural heritage that is also much on the visit of foreign tourists.
Tongkonan is the traditional home of Toraja society. Consists of stacks of wood are decorated with carved red, black, white and yellow. The word “tongkonan” comes from the Torajan tongkon ” ” which means sit. In addition to houses, Tongkonan is the Centre of social life of the Toraja. Rituals associated with this custom homes is extremely important in the spiritual life of the Toraja. Therefore, all members are required to participate because it symbolizes their relationship with their fathers.
Tongkonan Toraja is not the name of a form of the building, but the Tongkonan is a series of a group of buildings where there is there in Banua Sura ‘ (House of engraved/main house),Reed Sura ‘ (carved granary), Lemba tribe (also serves as a barn but not carved) and also there is a home staging that has wider room, as many of us see this now.
Tongkonan Toraja now has many versions of modernization (like start using zinc as the roof) but not regardless of the tradition that has already inherited hereditary, of old buildings there is a roofed thatched Tongkonan/reeds/Palm fiber (fiber tree enau), there are also lit bar-bamboo, even in one of the old buildings that found Tongkonan roofed stone (stone dipapa banua). One of the traditions of the Tongkonan building remained a model resembling the shape of the roof of the boat as well as the building of which faces the North, it is inseparable from the philosophy of life and the origin of the people Toraja .
Tongkonan of Toraja is one of the very famous history in Indonesia
Custom House at Toraja, in addition to functioning as a place to live, also contains the function and the role as well as the meaning of great importance and high value in the lives of Toraja society. The House is often called Tongkonan is considered the property rights of inheritance and the inheritance of heredity from the person who was the first to build Tongkonan. Tongkonan is the Centre of social life of the Toraja. Rituals associated with this custom homes is extremely important in the spiritual life of the Toraja. Tongkonan word derived from the word”Tongkon” (duduk_berkumpul) means that the home that unoccupied Tongkonan to sit listening as well as a place to discuss and resolve all the problems of the community members and their descendants.
Tongkonan Toraja is the epitome of the Toraja people alliance, based on kinship/descent/blood meat. Basically the form of kinship in the Tongkonan is that each family _ a pair of husband and wife _ build up businesses on their own or together with children and grandchildren. The House is the Tongkonan of everyone who resides in the bloodlines of the husband and wife who founded the House.
The Toraja people fairly easily traced his family tree through the relationship of Tongkonan. A Toraja can be derived more than one Tongkonan, Toraja people because there are certainly amongst the ties of kinship in the form of the marriage of the Tongkonan as others.
In the history of the first Tongkonan Toraja is known is Tongkonan Banua Puan in Marinding built by Tangdilino ‘. So the people Toraja is one communion, though with different community structure. Ossoran Nene ‘ /lineage of the Toraja people ultimately boils down to fellowship The Torayan originating from the Tongkonan Banua Puan.
Tongkonan Banua Puan, Tongkonan is the oldest in Tana Toraja
According to folklore, the first Tongkonan Toraja was built in heaven with four pillars. When the ancestors of Torajan descended to Earth, he imitated the House and rolling out a large ceremony.
In other stories, is told when a Custom named Regent Londong in Rura (Rooster of Rura) seeks to unite groups with organized a great ceremony. The ceremony called Ma’Bua ‘ without going through the traditional ceremony and rules of deliberation. Then God dropped the anathema and the curse so that the place of burning ceremony and became the Lake that can be seen now among the Toraja of trip to Makassar (KM 75).
While the group headed north to in a place at the foot of Mount Kandora called Tondok Puan. They built custom homes meeting place with the name Banua Puan. Then called Tongkonan which means Hall of deliberation. The building is the first Tongkonan in a Torajan and communities first formed named to Tangdilino ‘; This means that the owner of the Earth taken from the names of the first Indonesia’s Customs (Community-led To the Valley).
Forms, types and functions of Tongkonan Toraja
This traditional House is the home of the stage with a wooden frame construction. The building consists of 3 parts, namely ulu banua (roof), kalle banua (the body of the House), and sulluk banua (foot home). The square shape is because as a micro cosmos of the House attached to the 4 corners of the eye of the wind with a certain ritual value 4. Tongkonan should face North so that the head of the House of berhimpit with the head of the sky (ulunna issuance ‘) as a source of happiness.
Technically the construction of tongkonan is laborious work, so it is usually done with the help of extended family. So the Tongkonan for Toraja society is more than just custom homes. And each Tongkonan consists of; Banua (home) and Reed (barn) married couple. A row of Banua and Reed face each other. The page extends between Banua and Reed called Ulu ba’ba.
In addition to custom homes, torajans recognize 3 types of Tongkonan according to custom roles, even though the shape is exactly the same, namely: Tongkonan Layuk (Pesiok Aluk): as the center of power and a place to draw up the rules of social and religious. Tongkonan Pekaindoran/Pekanberan (Kaparengesan): belongs to the family members who have authority in a particular local customs and traditions, places to take care of and manage and implement governance regulations and customs. Tongkonan Batu A’riri: serve as the governing and supporting the Tongkonan foster family unity and build a legacy.
At any time up to now the Tongkonan of Toraja is always crowded by touristsboth from Indonesia as well as overseas tourists. Its uniqueness still inviteadmiration of travellers in the world.
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