THE FORTRESS OF INDRA PATRA RELIC OF THE HINDU KINGDOM IN ACEH

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History mentions, that the Hindu religion came to Aceh since the 7th century AD. Hindu history scratches in Aceh can still be found through some traces of the relics in Aceh. The Castle Indrapatra is one of the historical traces are in Aceh Besar District. The Fort was intentionally made so that the enemy could not breaking into the Mainland of Aceh.

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A fortress remains the first Hindu Kingdom in Aceh still you can see up to this point near the coast of Ujong Batee Village, sub-district Ladong, Masjid Raya, Aceh Besar Regency. The fort is situated on the Bay of Krueng Raya and dealing with the fortress of Inong Balee which lies in the hills on the other side. The fort is a historical site that has its own story. Behind it there is a story of resistance, rebellion, and rendered the people in his time. Likewise with the fortress of Indra Patra which is located in district Mosque, about 19 km from Banda Aceh. This Fort still standing solidly although has been hit by a tsunami.

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As a historic site, the fortress of Indra Patra needs to be maintained. In terms of physical, naturally building will damage the natural crushed. Rain, heat, Peel, stone Foundation Walls falling one by one, if not a cause for concern with the increase of the time of its original form not visible anymore.

THE EXISTENCE OF THE FORTRESS OF INDRA PATRA WORLD FAMOUS

Uniquely to reach the inside of the Fort was then you need to climb up with a ladder in advance or that has been provided. The fortress of Indra Patra is part of 3 forts in the Trail of Aceh lhee Sagoe. Lhee Sagoe Aceh trail is the area that connects the three relics of Hindu-Buddhist period in Aceh. If all three are linked (Indrapatra, Indrapuri and Indrapurwa) then will form a triangle and also called lhee Sagoe Aceh Trail.

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Initially, this location there are 3 buildings of the fort. But now only the remaining 2 buildings which still stands and is unfortunate because some of the building’s construction was a bit devastated. The main building covering an area of 70×70 m, reaching 4 meters in height, and a wall thickness of up to 2 meters. The fortress of Indra Patra has unique architecture, made of lime concrete (the order comes from stone gunug, as adhesives derived from a mixture of lime, clay, and alusan shells, as well as other adhesives.

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In the castle there are two main “stupa” or building that resembles a dome where it included as a place of clean water wells used by Hindus to cleanse themselves in order to worship. In addition, inside the fortress there are also bunkers as storage of the gun, the bullet, and weapons, as well as the equipment of war of the Kingdom of Aceh Darussalam.

On each side wall of the fortress there are 11 hole used as a reconnaissance of the enemy. As a society that appreciates the history of the fortress should already Senses Patra nurtured and preserved

THE HISTORY OF THE FOUNDING OF THE FORTRESS OF INDRA PATRA

The Fortress of Indra Patra was built in  senses to 7th century A.d. by the son of King Har’sha of the Kingdom was the first Hindu Kingdom in Aceh (Indra Patra) before the arrival of Islamic influence. The position of the fort was strategic because it dealt directly with the Malacca Strait thus serves as a stronghold of Portuguese fleet attacks.

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After Hindu, Muslim kingdoms emerged in the golden age ruled by Sultan Iskandar Muda. During this time, the fort remained in use as a base defense against the Portuguese. He commissioned an Admiral to Admiral Keumalahayati the world’s first woman to lead an army on the territory of the base defense.

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This Fort was a fort built by the Kingdom of the Hindu Kingdom, wa the first in Aceh. Although Islam dominates in Aceh, but the Sultan and the Queen who heads Aceh never destroy a trace remains of his fathers. By that time the Fort Indrapatra was built for the purpose of defending the community’s attack Was from the fierce gun-the gun that comes from the Portuguese warships. In addition, the Fort was also used as a place of worship a Hindu who was in Aceh at the time.

THE FORTRESS OF INDRA PATRA: BUILDINGS OF CULTURAL HERITAGE PRESERVED

Now, Since the Kingdom of Aceh Darussalam joining NKRI, the Fortress of Indra Patra has been designated by the Government of Indonesia as one of the buildings of cultural heritage that must be protected and preserved. Indonesia as a nation that values history Fort Worth already Senses Patra is nurtured and promoted its existence.

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Until now, the fortress of Indra Patra remains one of the primadona who was visited by foreign tourists while visiting Aceh Darussalam. This is permissible because the castle is the symbol of Patra Senses the power forces the war in Aceh, the emancipation of women that are interpreted by Admiral Keumalahayati, and a symbol of the glory and Majesty of the Kingdom of Aceh Darussalam.

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The castle is situated near the beach of Ujong Batee Village, sub-district Ladong, Masjid Raya, Aceh Besar Regency. There is no special transport to the location of the Fort. From the city of Banda Aceh is about 19 km. When a private vehicle is approximately 35 minutes. When riding public transportation, i.e. labi-labi majoring in Banda Aceh-Krueng Raya can be reached within 40 minutes. .

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