SEKATEN IN JOGJAKARTA BETWEEN TRADITION RELIGIUS AND ENTERTAINMENT

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SEKATEN IN JOGJAKARTA BETWEEN TRADITION RELIGIUS AND ENTERTAINMENT

In Jogjakarta Central Java , there is a customary tradition known as Sekaten. Sekaten in Jogjakarta usually also known as Pasar Malam Sekaten. This is because before the ceremony is always held, Sekaten held a night market that lasts a full month. The tradition of this already done since the Sekaten 16th century this tradition was held once a year in the month or months of the third in Maulud calculation of the Javanese calendar. The location that is used to hold an event this was in the Court of the Sekaten square North of Yogyakarta.

SEKATEN IN JOGJAKARTA BETWEEN TRADITION RELIGIUS AND ENTERTAINMENT

The term Sekaten itself evolved from several versions. Some opinions say that the term is taken from the name of the device the inheritance of Kraton Jogjakarta. The inheritance in the form of gamelan Kyai Kanjeng Sekati named. This event always used in Maulud Prophet Muhammad. In the meantime, there are other accounts reveal that Sekaten adapted from words like which means happy and ati which means the liver so it can be interpreted as a pleasure. This is because the people who welcome the celebration are blessed and grateful Maulud in celebration.

SEKATEN IN JOGJAKARTA BETWEEN TRADITION RELIGIUS AND ENTERTAINMENT

Sekaten  in Jogjakarta : The Blend Tradition of Art & Da’wah.

Sekaten in Jogjakarta is believed to be a mix between art and propaganda. At the time Islam began to get into Java, Sunan Kalijaga is one member of the Wali Songo using arts gamelan (Javanese traditional musical instrument) to attract people to come enjoy the performances. The arts uses Kyai Kanjeng called the gamelan Sekati. Art is not only showing the gamelan performances but also done reading the Quran and sermons in the middle of the show. For people who want to enter Islam, they are obliged to utter the creed that show adherence to religious teachings.

SEKATEN IN JOGJAKARTA BETWEEN TRADITION RELIGIUS AND ENTERTAINMENT

For the people of Jogjakarta, arose the belief that people celebrate the birth of the Prophet Mohammed will get a reward and youthful. But as a condition, they are obliged to chew betel leaves in front of the Grand Mosque, especially at the moment of the first day of the Sekaten begins.

Therefore, during the Sekaten in Jogjakarta an awful lot of people who sell betel complete other potions. In addition there are also sellers-sellers and the giant side of savory rice in front of the Grand Mosque or the page Kemandungan, the North square. In this celebration the farmers usually also begging to be  successful ‘panen’. To strengthen his resolve, they also bought the whip from the sellers who are selling here. In addition to a variety of performances, procession of the Sekaten also jazzed up with a night market. Here various kinds of food, clothing, household items, a variety of games and other things you can enjoy. And traders who came not only from the region of Jogjakarta, but also from various regions. An egg for example, this rare specialties participate enliven.

SEKATEN IN JOGJAKARTA BETWEEN TRADITION RELIGIUS AND ENTERTAINMENT

Sekaten in Jogjakarta, the tradition that had been popular in the world

The tradition of the Sekaten Jogjakarta have been known by foreign tourists from different parts of the world, it is evident that at the time the events will overwhelm the Sekaten, always by overseas travelers who are excited to capture photos of the activities of the Sekaten. Tour operator is also the bestselling the existence event Sekaten.

Before Sekaten begins, there are some preparations that must be made in advance. The preparations include physical and inner preparation. Physical preparation, among others, are the tools and equipment to be used for the ceremony of the Sekaten Gamelan Sekaten Gendhing, i.e. Sekaten, flower kanthil, a number of coin, samir niyaga, clothing, uniforms and history of the manuscript Maulud.

Gamelan Sekaten is used for heirlooms belonging to the Palace named Kyai Kanjeng Sekati in harmony 2, Kyai Kanjeng Guntur Madu and Kyai Kanjeng, Nogowilogo. Gamelan Sekaten is made directly by Sunan Giri. Pemukulnya tool made of Buffalo Horn or horns of the Bull. Pemukulnya should be raised to as high as complementary on the forehead before the gamelan. Meanwhile, Gendhing Sekaten is a series of gendhing or songs that will be used, among others, Rangkung pathet lima, Signs pathet lima, Rendheng pathet lima, Gliyung pathet nem, Adjust-adjust pathet nem Lunggadhung, pélog pathet lima, etc.

SEKATEN IN JOGJAKARTA BETWEEN TRADITION RELIGIUS AND ENTERTAINMENT

On the preparation of inner, servant who will be involved in preparing the Sekaten tradition must be an inner mental and to execute the mandate. The man assigned to swat must purify themselves with gamelan do flush jamas and fasting.

The peak of the celebration of the Sekaten in Jogjakarta

The peak of the celebration of the Sekaten begins on 6 Maulud (Rabiulawal) while the afternoon, characterized by Kyai Kanjeng gamelan Sekati grant from place persemayamannya, Kyai Kanjeng Nogowilogo placed in Wards and Kyai Kanjeng Trajumas Thunder Honey on the ward Srimanganti. Two army soldiers guarded Royal servants heirloom gamelan, namely Mantrijero and Ketanggung soldier soldier.

SEKATEN IN JOGJAKARTA BETWEEN TRADITION RELIGIUS AND ENTERTAINMENT Right at midnight , the gamelan Sekaten great mosque of page being moved to Yogyakarta with escorted the two armies abdi dalem Warrior Mantrijero and Ketanggung. Kanjeng Kyai Guntur Madu placed in pagongan South of the great mosque of page gapuran and Kyai Kanjeng Nogowilogo pagongan in the North. In the mosque courtyard, the gamelan Sekaten is emitted continuously night and day for six consecutive days became one, except on Friday evening until finished Friday prayers during the day.

Right on the 11th Maulud (Rabiulawal), starting at 8 pm, the Sultan attended the ceremony Maulud Prophet Muhammad set in the great mosque. The celebration of the Mawlid of the Prophet is marked by the reading of the manuscript history Maulud Prophet read by Kyai Pengulu. The ceremony was completed at midnight GMT, and after all is finished, the gamelan Sekaten removed again from the great mosque of page heading to the Palace. This transfer was a sign that the ceremony of the Sekaten has ended.

SEKATEN IN JOGJAKARTA BETWEEN TRADITION RELIGIUS AND ENTERTAINMENT

Sekaten in Jogjakarta was the Islamic cultural heritage which is not limited to ceremonial occasions. There are a lot of values contained therein, from the start to lead by example of the Prophet and the Majesty of his teachings are referable to life.

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