SAPE MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS TRADITIONAL DAYAK KALIMANTAN BARAT

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Was a province of West Kalimantan on the island of Borneo and the capital of Pontianak. West Kalimantan is one of the areas that can be dubbed the province “thousand Rivers”. The nickname is aligned with the geographical condition of which has hundreds of large and small rivers that can be fought with a sailing ship.

In the field of art music, West Kalimantan store a wealth of traditional musical instruments. Traditional musical instruments of Western Kalimantanthe Sape’ is very famous. Sape’ most are found in Kayaan and Kenyah Dayak.

TWANG SAPE’ VERY RHYTHMS CAN BE WASHED AWAY A PERSON’S FEELINGS

Sape’, musical instruments traditional Dayak tribes, is a musical instrument which the twang stated feelings, good feeling chirpy, adoringly, yearning, even grief sorrow. First, play the Sape’ during the day and night have differences. When played in the afternoon, generally the rhythm generated euphoric feelings and declare Sape’ love-ria. Whereas if the Sape’ is played in the evening will usually produce a rhythm that pitched the wistful, calm, or sad.

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The tool looks like a guitar, with a long body and neck very short–maybe neck lute tools the world’s shortest. Very different from the guitar, the frets (boundary tone, in local parlance called lasar) of which there are dozens that are only 2-3, even sometimes none at all on the part of the neck. Nearly all the lasar installed in part of the body. Other uniqueness, lasar-lasar it can be shifted or dipindah-pindah, because the installation does not permanently embedded like a guitar, but affixed with glue is very thick and never dry, made of honey-bees. By way of transfer of the lasar that barrel or “order-tone” (mode) Sape’ alternated.

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TUAH SAPE’ IS BELIEVED BY THE LOCAL PEOPLE

There is a phrase about Sape’ contained in Tekuak Lawe, oral literature handed down from generation to generation in the tradition of the Dayak community. The phrase which reads Sape’ benutah tulaang to’awahit is harfiah constitute Sape’ is able to shatter the bones a circulatef ghost. The phrase illustrates that instrument Sape’ is able to make the people who hear it creeps up to touch the bone or feeling. For the indigenous Dayak elders in ancient times, belief in the sacredness of Sape’ rightly can be felt because of the rural atmosphere and feel of custom at that time still very thick.

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Until now, the trust will tuah Sape’ is still believed by the Dayak elder, for example when Sape’ played in a traditional ceremony. When the sound is heard, the entire Sape’ passage people will pause, then sounds faintly chanting prayer or mantra that is recited together. In an atmosphere like this, it is not rare among them possessed by spirits or ancestral spirits. Sape’ also played on people’s Party or event when the event gadget padai, Sape’ is played to accompany the dances of the weak supply.

THE TRADITION OF THE MUSIC GAME SAPE’ ON DAYAK

Along with the development of the times, then not only the Sape’ serves as an instrument to express feelings, but sampe also started played together with other instruments. Dayak youth fond of playing the Sape’ while gathered together at night. In addition, the Sape’ is played by Dayak men to draw attention to the woman that he loves. Sape’ also serves as an instrument of entertainment in a big family.

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The tradition of the Dayaks who lived in the House into a means Sape’ betang make the easiest to enliven the atmosphere or to entertain when there is one Member who are grieving. At home, there’s a room betang great to custom event or as a family room. In the great room, the Dayak youth mutual performance proficiency in playing the Sape’. Not only that, the Sape’ is also often played as a form of gratitude for a specific event or moment, such as when the harvest bountiful.

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Musical instruments are made from wood of the Jackfruit Sape’ an old one, the process is at once distinctive Dayak ornament carving usually takes up to 2 weeks. How to play it, in contrast to how to play the guitar melodies, as fingers on only one string of the same shifts to the top and bottom. Usually the musicians when playing a song, just with the feeling of being alone.

Sape’ Kayaan very popular because the rhythm and sound of the music can bring listeners seemed in floating. This Butterfly music played when the people’s Party or event (top prenatal ritual harvest of rice). This instrument is played by at least one person, it could be two or three people. The kind of music this assortment, usually Sape’ according to the type of the dance. Play Sape’ is played with feeling. Because the Sape’ is not the same as the guitar mostly, there is no sound when stairs and not everyone can play this instrument

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A player already Sape’ instrument is very popular in Indonesia particularly in West Kalimantan, Ferry, has brought the Sape’ up from stage to stage in Jakarta and other major cities in Indonesia. In fact, the man who greeted a familiar Sape’ Ferry, performing in a variety of countries such as China, Japan, Ukraine, Dubai, and others. Almost three months, by December 2013 until early February 2014, Sape’ Ferry were in Dubai for a gig in Dubai Shoping Festival.

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