Ratu Boko Site . Yogyakarta, the city known as the town of this student has now become one of the tourist destinations of history because at least there is an ancient temple site 7 becomes the attraction of domestic and foreign tourists.
Call it the biggest Buddhist temple in the world namely Borobudur Temple, Prambanan Temple, then there is the Kalasan Temple, Mendut Temple, Ijo, Sewu Temple, Boko Temple, etc. This charming temples have unique architecture and very attractive for tourists who love historical mysteries presented by these temples.
RATU BOKO SITE – THE SITE OF THE MAJESTIC EMPIRE
Boko temple or commonly known as Kraton Ratu Boko is a magnificent Royal site according to research was built during the reign of Rakai Panangkaran, descendant of one of the sailendra dynasty. The Palace, originally named Abhayagiri Vihara (means a monastery on a hill) was founded for meditating and focusing on the spiritual life. Unlike the other ancient relics from the days of old Javanese which is generally shaped the religious buildings, Ratu Boko site is profane, complete with the gate entrance, Hall, place of residence, outdoor baths, to the protective fencing.
Ratu Boko is an archaeological site that is the remnant of a complex of buildings located around 3 km south of Prambanan temple complex, and about 18 km east of Yogyakarta city or 50 km southwest of the city of Surakarta, Central Java, West Java,Indonesia. The vast complex on the whole approximately 25 hectares. Location of Ratu Boko Palace can be reached by road from Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta-Solo, approximately 17 Km or at the t-junction turn right as far as Prambanan + 3 Km.
STORY GLIMPSES OF RATU BOKO SITE HISTORY
Ratu Boko site is estimated to have been used by people in the 8th century when the Sailendras or Rakai Panangkaran who comes from the Hindu Mataram or Medang. If seen from layout pattern from the remains of the building, supposedly strong that this site was a former Sultan’s Palace or the Palace of the King. This opinion is based on the fact because the complex is not a temple or a religious building, but rather as a palace which has a fort with evidence of the remains of the walls of the Castle and the moat was dry as a defensive structure. Remnants of settlements are also found in the vicinity of the location of the area of this site.
The name of “Ratu Boko” comes from an ancient legend of the local community. Ratu Boko is derived from the Javanese language, which means literally “King crane” was the father of Loro Jonggrang, also the name of a main temple in Prambanan temple complex. This site is already nominated to UNESCO as a world heritage site since 1995.
Kraton Ratu Boko first found by archaeologist Netherlands, HJ De Graaf in the 17th century. In 1790 Van Boeckholtz rediscovered the ruins of the ancient building. The discovery was publicized so that interests scientists like Makenzie, Junghun, and Brumun that does the logging at the site in 1814. At the beginning of the 20th century, the site was examined by the Immortal Queen FDK Bosch. The results of the research reported in the paper titled the Kraton Boko Ratoe Van. When Mackenzie research, he discovered a statue depicting a man and woman-headed deity is being berpeluk-pelukan. And among the piles of stones also found a stone pillar depicts animals, such as elephants, horses and others.
Ratu Boko site is found In an inscription dated to the year 792 M called the inscription Abhayagiriwihara. The contents of the inscription that the alleged underlying Kraton Ratu Boko built by Rakai Panangkaran. Abhayagiriwihara inscriptions are written using the alphabet pranagari. In the inscription mentioned that King Tejapurnama Panangkarana, which estimated is Rakai Panangkaran, has ordered the construction of the Abhayagiriwihara. The same name is also mentioned in Kalasan Inscription (779 M), Prasati Mantyasih (907 M), and the inscription Wanua Tengah III (908 M).
THE FLOOR PLAN OF THE BUILDING OF RATU BOKO SITE
According to its location, the buildings on the site of Ratu Boko Temple can be grouped into five, here.
- The Group of Main Gate, located on the West side of the main gate as clusters I and II, talud, fences, combustion Temple, and ruins.
- Assembly Hall Group, consisting of two pieces, paseban talud batur, and fence Assembly Hall including arch and a few base stones.
- Group for Princess, were in the lower page, consisting of two pieces of batur, a rectangular pond, fences, and gate.
- Group Pendapa, consisting of batur pendapa and pringgitan surrounded by a stone fence with three arch as a miniature temple entrance, surrounded by a rectangular terraces, some outdoor water reservoir surrounded by fence complete with gapuranya and structure of talud given fence at the top.
- The Group of caves, Cave composed of Lanang, Gua Wadon tandon, a water, and natural rock staircase.
In addition to having the allure of history, Ratu Boko has beautiful natural attraction, as it is situated on the Hill of lime, the view from the Ratu Boko is very charming. With a nice loksi, are at the top of the Hill, you can enjoy the beautiful panorama of the city of Yogyakarta in the evening and also the best moment at the time of sunset. Enjoy the evening with n sparkle light above the flaky history of past the beautiful rolling hills of the beautiful landscapes punctuated it feels less fit if not accompanied with snacks and drinks.
This place offered package “Boko Sunset”. Of course, this package is only offered if the weather is nice, it is usually a follower of this package is on average amounted to 10 people. Begins at 4 pm the visitors in sugguhi snacks and coffee or tea while enjoying the Sun sinking in the Western horizon. The site is close to other famous Temples namely Prambanan countless Nice hotels nearby Prambanan temple or Ratu Boko temple itself.
Access to the Site of Ratu Boko
Access to this Boko Temple seems like it is not difficult, especially given the Jogjakarta was one of the famous tourist destination that is not only visited by domestic tourists alone. Various instructions and public transport facilities are available as well. In addition if given this place that was already fairly well known although not as immersing as Borobudur or Prambanan, then much can give you referrals for you to visit.
The following is a series of itineraries that you can commute menju Ratu Boko temple with a starting point in Jogjakarta.
From Yogyakarta city you can with TransJogja with the number Route 1A or 1B and to achieve to Prambanan Temple. After arriving at the Prambanan Temple, you can use a taxi, a horse or even a walk to the South to reach the Ratu Boko Temple. Lots of hints and people around who can help indicate the direction if you experience confusion. If you want more practical if you want to visit this beautiful temple you can rent a car is usually worth 250 thousand to 300 thousand per day. In addition, another alternative if you’re still using public transport leading to Prambanan, from there you can buy tickects Prambanan-Boko aka so you benefit in between by a special car travelers heading to Ratu Boko Temple tourist area.
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