Prambanan Temple is the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia even in Southeast Asia. This temple is also known as Roro Jongrang Temple which was founded around the year 850 Ad by House of Sanjaya. By UNESCO since 1991 of the past, this temple was designated as a world cultural heritage which must be protected his presence.
Prambanan Temple has a height of 47 meters or higher 5 meters from Borobudur. Prambanan Temple is one of the temple is the heartland of Indonesia society. The existence of this temple proves a phenomenal masterpiece of Hindus in ancient times. Right in the 9th century AD, the Prambanan Temple stands tall as the palace of nan. First, the Prambanan temple built for offerings to the God Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva or better known as Trimurti.
The structure of Prambanan Temple describes belief in the religion of Hinduism, namely Trimurti. Prambanan temple complex has three temples on the main page that is Shiva temple, Temple of Brahma and Vishnu Temple. Each of the main temple has accompanying temple one. For the Shiva temple, accompanied by Nandini Temple, for Brahma Temple accompanied by AngsaTemple and for Wisni Temple accompanied by Garuda Temple.
Relief carved on the walls of the temple tells the story of Ramayana. There are also reliefs of Kalpataru tree, where Hindus consider the tree symbolizes eternity, life and harmony. The existence of the tree describes the Java community at that time had a consciousness in preserving its environment.
THE LEGEND OF PRAMBANAN TEMPLE (ROROJONGRANG TEMPLE)
Creation legend Roro Jonggrang can not separated by one point in the history of the Prambanan Temple, where the huge quake and destroyed the temples.
Prambanan temple called Rorojongrang Temple also because related by a legend that supposedly believed by most of the Javanese community. The legend tells the story of a Prince named Bandung Bondowosowho fell in love with a princess named Rara. Bandung Bondowoso who later killed King Boko and ruled her Kingdom only so that he could marry Roro Jonggrang who later rejected the proposal because of the things he did. Even so, he still insists on marrying Princess Roro Jonggrang forcing received the proposal. Roro Jonggrang, the marriage occurs before, set one of Bandung Bondowoso where requirements must create one 1000 temples in one night.
Bandung Bondowoso accepted the challenge and started to meditate on that night. While meditating, he called hundreds of spirits, the jinn, and the devil on Earth. With the help of the supernatural army, he succeeded in building 999 temples. While starting the construction of the temple to-1000, Roro Jonggrang woke the entire royal aides and ordered the girls of the village to begin pounding rice and lit fires in the eastern part of Bandung Bondowoso to trick the temple and the supernatural forces.
Roro Jonggrang plan was refined with the chickens wake up when they start crowing because deceived by sound activities in the morning and light “Sun”, causing the escape demons. After learning the tricks of the cunning Bandung Bondowoso Roro Jonggrang, angry and condemn the Roro Jonggrang to stone. Statue of Roro Jonggrang is what later became the sculpture to-1000. Legend Roro Jonggrang continued to live as the history of Prambanan Temple for the people who love folklore.
THE STORY OF THE HISTORY OF THE PRAMBANAN TEMPLE
History of Prambanan Temple recently started writing when Rakai first build order in the area in the year 850 in response to the building of Borobudur Temple by Sailendra dynasty dynasty and Sewu Temple nearby. Historians argue that the construction of Prambanan Temple is meant as a sign of the revival of the Hindu dynasty Sanjaya in Central Java after the Buddhist Sailendra dynasty dynasty domination for nearly a century.
The struggle of Rakai order build first then continue to be developed and built by King Balitung Maha Sambu and Lokapala then became the King of Mataram. According to the Shivagrha inscription in 856, this temple was built in honour of Shiva and his original name was Shivagrha which means “House of Shiva”.
Mataram Kings such as Daksa and Tulodong next always striving to continue the development of Prambanan temple by way of continuing to widen the area of the temple, such as by adding hundreds of “perwara” temples around. Prambanan also serves as a temple of the Mataram Kingdom, where nearly all the religious ceremonies and sacrifices were held at the temple. In the golden age of the Mataram Kingdom, many estimations that hundreds of Brahma along their students live in the outer wall of the temple area.
Prambanan Temple collapsed and damaged around the year 930-Ness when the capital of the Kingdom was moved to East Java. There are two versions of the causes of such displacement. The first because of the terrible eruption of Mount Merapi or cause wars and power struggles. Obviously, the Candi Prambanan indeed never melt lantak earthquake in the 16th century. Fortunately, this temple can still be traced and discovered in 1733 by CA. Lons from Netherlands.
At the time of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, studies of Prambanan Temple is done further. Unfortunately, the restoration was not immediately implemented. Prambanan Temple any displaced up to decades. Restoration started in 1918 until 1993. Back then, it was restored in 2006 because of the Prambanan Temple got damaged by the earthquake.
Location and access to the Prambanan Temple
Prambanan Temple located in the village of Prambanan which is administratively divided into two regions namely the Sleman Regency YOGYAKARTA and Klaten Regency Central Java. The location of the Prambanan Temple is located on the edge of a highway in Yogyakarta – Solo so it can be easily accessed from anywhere.
Facilities available around the complex of Prambanan Temple is quite complete, such as a hotel or homestay, a restaurant or a restaurant, souvenir gift shop and Internet café –. Tour guides are also easily can we get with traces triumph of Hindu Javanese civilization.
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