Pasola Festival is an annual festival celebrated West Sumba communities startup time of planting. The Festival has also become a cultural tour in West Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara .
Get to know the Sumba island occurred “message” that is the island of Sumba spirits. In every corner of the city and saved his community offerings and praise the man. The name Sumba Humba or comes from the name of the model mother Signs Humba, Umbu Mandoku lover’s wife, the one who laid the cornerstone of the tribes of the upper kabisu-kabisu Sumba. Two thirds of the population are adherents of the faithful dedicated to the spirits of the ancestors, particularly to the great leaders together, the pengasal all the tribes.
Sumba Island, padang savana fighting with wild horses strong relentless roam the hallways, canyons and rocky island ancestral heritage. Flagship animal levels that increasingly penetrated mondial rampant war pasola, a wooden spear throwing war while spur horse nyale, to welcome the Princess, the beautiful princess who incarnated himself in the shape of sea worms that deliciously savory. In this celebration, each kampung will you met agility on horseback while throwing a javelin into the opponent to opponent bleed.
Pasola Festival is the tradition of Sumba community which famous in the World
Pasola Festival determined based on the month and through meetings the Rato (indigenous pastor). In addition, the determination could also be done by looking at the specific plants that bloom at the moment ahead of the Festival of the Pasola. This is actually a celebration to welcome the harvest and predict the yields. The more blood out while Pasola, locals believe it to mean a rich harvest. Pasola Festival usually celebrated in three subdistricts of West Sumba, that Kecamatan Wanokaka, Lamboya, and Gaura.
The Origin Of The Word Pasola
Etymologically, Pasola is derived from the word sola or hola which means Javelin or spear. Then basic word sola or hola got the prefix pa which means mutual. So the Word can be translated as mutual Pasola throws a spear or Javelin attack.
And in terminoligis, Pasola means agility game threw the Javelin or spear [blunt] from the top horses in the direction of “opponents” in a series of traditional tribal ceremony Sumba who still adhere to the original called Marapu religion.
Pasola festival tradition was held at four different locations in West Sumba Regency in turns. Fourth place is the kampung Lamboya, Kodi, Wonokaka, and Gaura. Time of implementation falling at around February to March of each year, depending on the traditional calendar of Sumba.
Sumba Pasola Tradition History
According to folklore the Sumba developing hereditary, the tradition of the Pasola originated from the story of a beautiful widow named Rabu Kaba in Kampung Waiwuang who has a husband named Umbu Dulla, one of the leaders in the village Waiwuang.
One day, his wife Dulla Umbu asked permission to go to sea with two other indigenous leaders namely Ngongo Tau Masusu and Yagi Waikareri. But on the way, three of them changed his mind and finally decided to go to the South coast of Sumba to farm rice. Therefore, they do not go home for a long time so the people they thought they had died at sea. Any people held a ceremony of mourning. Under these circumstances, the beautiful widow of the late Umbu Dula, Wed Kaba involved romance with Teda Gaiparona, a man from the village Kodi.
Teda Gaiparona intend to marry Rabu Kaba but was opposed by the families of both sides so their elopement. Some time later, Umbu Dula returned home along with the other two leaders. It would be a surprise Umbu Dulla mendapatin his wife had and by others. He tried to invite his wife came home but declined because it was already in love with Teda Gaiparano.
To smooth their marriage, Teda Gaipora change to the Umbu Dulla numerous belis [a kind of dowry] used to be paid to the Kaba in the form of horses, the Wednesday cattle, water buffalo, and other valuables. After the entire belis repaid, the couple’s marriage ceremony Rabu Kaba and Teda Gaiparona can take place. At the end of the wedding party, Umbu Dulla asking citizens to have a party Waiwuang penagkapan nyale [caicing Ocean] with carrying out the traditions of the pasola to forget his sadness that had lost a wife.
Sumba Pasola Festival Procession
There are two traditions or rituals which is also a complementary Pasola i.e., traditions Bau Nyale and the Pajura ritual. Bau Nyale, held the morning before Pasola. Bau nyale is a tradition catch worms laut. Pasola Ceremony always starts with a series of customary procession Nyale arrest as a form of gratitude towards God’s abundant grace as the success of the harvest. Nyale is vernacular for a sea worm if appears in large quantities on the beach, then this is a good sign made of local people. The emergence of Nyale is a symbol of prosperity for the people of Sumba and surrounding areas. The ceremony took place on full moon in the night of the arrest Nyale and led by The Rato, indigenous leaders of Sumba.
After the arrest the marked success Nyale with many catches and then counciled before the Assembly The Rato, then after that ceremony Pasola can be implemented. Pasola is implemented in a vast field as a “battleground” and was witnessed by the entire residents and tourists both local and international.
Each group involved in the festival of the Pasola consists of 100 young men armed with sola [Spears] made of blunt-pointed wood and a diameter of approximately 1.5 cm. second group these youth face each other and each other like a real battle between the two groups of Knights of Sumba. In practice, the tradition festival Pasola not rarely ate the victim’s soul. In the belief of Marapu, the victim of a crash is the one who gets a punishment from the gods for having committed sins and mistakes and the blood that come out can be considered signifies soil fertility and crop on the upcoming planting season.
As a cultural performances have certainly has charm Pasola festival attraction very riveting. Therefore, the Government and all the citizens of the local community is very supportive to make festival events Pasola as one of the ‘ major event ‘ which deserves to be the nation’s cultural wealth is priceless.
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