At first the Karinding is a tool used to repel plant pests because of the character of the sound emitted by the audible buzzing tone low decibels. Estimated to have been around since several centuries ago. Some observers argue that the history of the Sundanese musical instrument is derived from the culture at the time of the Kingdom of Pajajaran. In addition used to repel pests, this instrument is used as a musical accompanist on several rituals of the indigenous communities.
Some sources state that the Karinding has been there even before the existence of the harp. If the harp has been approximately five hundred annual Karinding is estimated to have been around since six centuries ago. And it turns out that not only is there any Karinding in West Java or owned structures but different tribes or areas in the country, even the various tribes in other Nations also have this instrument – only different name only. In Bali named genggong, Central Java named rinding, karimbi in Borneo, and several places in the “outer” named it with zuesharp (harpanya gods Zues).
UNDERSTANDING THE MEANING OF KARINDING – THE TRADITIONAL SUNDANESE INSTRUMENT
In the linguistic, Karinding comes from the word “ka” and “rinding”. “Ka” means the source and “rinding” means sound. It is called Karinding because of a kind of loud sound rice insects, namely Karindingan (the possibility of this type of extinct insects).
Karinding is the traditional Sundanese instrument. Karinding is derived from several places in West Java such as from Citamiang, sand Mukti, Tasikmalaya, Malangbong (Arrowroot) and Cikalong Kulon (Cianjur). In the area of the earlier traditional instrument Karinding usually made of boughs kawung (Palm tree), while in some place like Cililin and Limbangan, in most musical instruments Karinding made from bamboo.
Karinding is divided into three parts, namely on the first segment at the end of the right hand to knock the Karinding giving rise to resonance on the middle section. Then, in the middle there is a section of bamboo cut strokes thinner so that it vibrates when Karinding diketuk with the finger. The leftmost serves as a grip.
HOW TO PLAY MUSIC KARINDING
How to play Karinding quite simple, namely by attaching a segment middle Karinding in front of the mouth which is somewhat open, then sections on the far right Karinding tapped with one finger until any vibrating Karinding regularity in which was later resonance by the mouth of the player. Votes issued will depend of the oral cavity, the breath, and tongue.
Karinding saved in mouth, continue to pat the bat part so that created the sound resonance. Karindng is usually played in solo or group (2 to 5 people). Seroang of which are called tone regulator “anu” rhythm. In the area of Ciawi, Karinding used to be played simultaneously “Solanum torvum” (an instrument similar to the shape of the leaves).
Conventionally, according to interviews “Abaad Olot” tone or “pirigan” in the play Karinding there are 4 types, namely: cicadas, gogondangan, rereogan, and the motorcade …
The difference with Karinding sounding instruments and other types of mouth harp in pats. If the others were centile. If the way tapped may contain varying tones. Beats from musical instruments Karinding he called “Rachel”, i.e. to distinguish who is more used to patting and so on. The first one, the second rahèl using Rachel’s second, and so on. Usually the sound generated by Karinding produces a wide variety of sounds, such as sound, saron kendang, goong bonang or bass, new rhythm, melody and others.
Even Karinding could make the song his own, for the way sound different from pats on the mouth which can vary can facilitate us in generating sound is colorful. If we’re already proficient play sound Karinding, sure to find or produce sounds create a talking, but the sound came out as sound robotic.
The material used to make Karinding (in West Java), there are two kinds: river kawung and bamboo.
The type of material and the type of design Karinding shows the difference in age, the place, the gender of the wearer. Karinding which resemble susuk bun made for women, while the men use sheath kawung size with shorter, so that can be stored in the place of tobacco. The material also shows the place of manufacture of Karinding.
In the East, for example, structures in Karinding using bamboo. In other areas in Indonesia, Karinding also named rinding (Yogyakarta), genggong (Bali), dunga or karindang (Borneo) or similar tools with steel named jawharp on Nepal and European area and chang in China with the brass material.
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