Baduy tribe are native Banten, the tribe is a fairly isolated from the modern world, but they can live happily and independently without electricity and technology, and can meet the needs of daily life without dealing with the outside world.
Baduy tribe is one of the original Banten with a population of Baduy about 5000-8000 people. The location of Baduy tribe are at the foot of the mountains Kendeng Ciujung, Desa Kenkes, Kecamatan Lewidamar, Kabupaten Lebak, Banten. Applied is the term given by the community outside and the appellation of the researchers. Researchers equate them with community groups that were migrated or nomadic. But Baduy tribe more pleased with other name to their “urang kenakes” or does it mean kenakes people based on their areas of origin who lived in Kenakes.
Baduy community really keeping customs and kept around natural . Because they are aware they live by nature and with nature. Many of the teachings of Baduy tribe in the form of the prohibition if ignored will be exposed to the laws of nature. In Banten Province there are tribal i.e. Baduy inside and outside baduy. Inside Baduy still keep tradition, custom culture and anti-modernity good how to dress, the pattern of life and more. While outside Baduy tribe is still keeping the tradition and customs but already capable of interaction with the community from the outside Baduy.
THE CULTURE OF BADUY TRIBE ARE INTERESTING TO BE KNOW
HISTORY OF BADUY TRIBE
History of Baduy tribe according to experts based on the discovery of inscription history is then traced through the Portuguese sailors and the entry of China and is associated with the folklore of Sunda.
According to historians the society applied to have a relationship with the Kingdom of Pajajaran. At that time the Prince Pucuk from the Kingdom of Pajajaran ordered soldiers the option to maintain the sustainability of Mount Kendeng Ciujung. Then the soldiers lived and served there. With the conclusion that Baduy tribe history comes from troops sent by the Prince Pucuk and close their identity to the community outside so as not to be known by the enemies of the Kingdom of Pajajaran.
THE LANGUAGE OF BADUY TRIBE
Baduy Sundanese dialect-language using Java to communicate with the local community. Baduy community understanding Indonesia language although they did not get the knowledge from school. Because the public does not know Baduy tribe school so they don’t understand the culture. Government efforts to build school facilities in the region denied vehemently. According to their education contrary to their customs.
Beliefs of Baduy tribe is Sunda wiwitan rooted from adoration to ancestral spirits (animism) are also influenced by Buddhism and Hinduism. The trust was intended by the existence of “pikukuh” or absolute customs rooted in everyday life. Baduy community trust object most important is arca domas. The location is very secret and sacred. They visited the House on the fifth month every once a year to conduct the worship which is chaired by the Chairman of the customs. There are other stone mortar that menyipan rain. When the mortar rock contains a lot of water would indicate the harvest going smoothly and nicely. And when the mortar is dry stone is a sign that the harvest will fail.
BADUY IS DIVIDED INTO TWO: OUTSIDE BADUY & INSIDE BADUY
Baduy community is divided into two groups, outside Baduy and inside Baduy .
Outside Baduy Tribe
The largest group is called the outside baduy or urang penamping who lived on the Northern Kenakes. They number about 7 thousands occupying the 28 villages and 8 children’s village. They live in the cikadu, kaduketuk, kadukolot, gajeboh and cisagu are applied in the surrounding. The outside baduy community is wearing a dress and headband is black and can mingle with other Sundanese.
- Other characteristics of the outside Baduy community include:
They have to know the technology, such as electronic equipment, although its use remains a prohibition Applied to every citizen, including residents of the outside Baduy.
- The process of building a home outside Baduy population have used props, such as saws, hammers, nails, etc., which was previously prohibited by custom are applied In.
- Using custom clothing with black or dark blue (for males), indicating that they are not sacred. Sometimes using modern clothes such as jeans and a t-shirt.
- Community groups panamping (outside Baduy), living in various scattered village surrounding (outside) Applied in the region, such as Cikadu, Kaduketuk, Kadukolot, Gajeboh, Cisagu, and so on. (BL)
Inside Baduy Tribe
While in the southern part are applied in the community or populated Urang Dangka. It is estimated they number 800an people in Kampung Cikeusik, Cibeo and Cikartawana, group tangtu (applied). Baduy In living in the Interior of the forest and are still isolated and has not yet entered the culture.
Other characteristics of the inside Baduy community include:
- Have a custom head making regulations that must be followed, usually called Pu’un. Baduy people in living in 3 wards, namely Cibeo, Cikartawana, and Cikeusik.
Dangka are applied to groups, they live outside the area Baduy, and currently resides in 2 village remaining, namely Padawaras (Cibengkung) and Sirahdayeuh (Cihandam).
- The second group is does have different characteristics. When inside Baduy mentioned outside Baduy as the Urang Kaluaran, instead of outside Baduy calls inside Baduy with Urang Girang or Urang Kejeroan.
- Other traits, the usual clothes worn are applied in more predominantly white-white.
inside Baduy not yet known the culture from outside and is located in the forest Interior. Because not know culture outside, inside Baduy still has a very original culture.
- Inside Baduy not allowing outsiders stayed with them. Even they reject foreign citizens (FOREIGNERS) to enter.
- Inside Baduy known very obedient maintain customs and inheritance of his fathers. They wear clothes that are white with a white headband and carrying a machete. Outside Baduy fit in either buttoned or collar. Uniquely, all of which are in use inside Baduy tribe are the result of their own production. Usually the women in charge of making it. Inside Baduy forbidden attire.
- In addition, each time travelling, they did not use the vehicle didn’t even wear footwear and consists of a small group numbering 3-5 people.
- They are prohibited from using technology devices, such as Hp and a TV.
INDEPENDENCE OF BADUY TRIBE MEETS THE NEEDS OF THEIR OWN LIFE.
Baduy community livelihood most major rice farming is huma and gardening as well as making crafts koja or bag of bark, Palm sugar processing, weaving and a small percentage have known trade. The principle of wisdom that followed hereditary Baduy community makes them come across as a self-contained community, both socially as well as economically. Therefore, when the storms of the global financial crisis swept the world, and our economic defense eroded in the early years of this Millennium, Baduy tribe free from difficulty. It was thanks to their independence that principle applied in everyday life.
Baduy people not only self-sufficient in meeting the needs of clothing, food, and the board. They cannot buy rice, but the plant itself. They cannot buy clothes, but weaving itself. .. Wood as a home-maker they slash in their forests, which preserved the integrity and stay awake. From 5.136 .8 hectares of forests in the area Baduy, around 3,000 hectares of forest is maintained to keep the 120-point of water. For an explanation, they do not use electricity. In farming, they do not use artificial fertilizers factory. They also develop and meet their own needs for development such as road infrastructure village, barns, etc.
MUTUAL CULTURE WHICH IS VERY STRONG ON BADUY TRIBE
Baduy community is a community that’s very mutual high regard. For example when the construction of the bridge which they use to date. They’re working on without talking at length (preamble and Act govern only), but they are basing there is division of labor, collect the ingredients, and then they are working together to complete the bridge.
The community has also applied the principle to avoid conflicts, maintain wholeness and harmony between individuals, between family members, between community groups, and life with God. Baduy community will instantly recognize their mistakes to the creator and they are in every family will understand their respective rights and obligations as a husband and a wife, so that they run their respective role without any misunderstandings. Interactions between neighbours they also strive in such a way as to avoid conflict, so that within the community group, they give priority to mutual in a job, in addition to their regular activities, namely in the fields of farming).
Broadly, Baduy tribe society sometimes often forgotten especially with the view of society that considers outsider Baduy tribe has many myths. Baduy community actually very obedient towards indigenous peoples and their customs. Because communication with nature that is so powerful, then the community beyond it as a myth. Baduy community in general not closed to the outside world they are very open to the outside Baduy society, they maintain a relationship with other people. But, within the community of inside Baduy, not everyone can go to Baduy tribe region, because of the Baduy are in fact indeed there are many restrictions from indigenous peoples and their customs.
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