Elephant Cave ( Goa Gajah ) is a tourist place with historical value and spiritual Village located in Bedulu Village, Subdistrict Blahbatu, Gianyar Regency. The area of ancient goa is about 27 km from the Centre of Denpasar. The word “Elephant Cave” is believed to derive from a word that appears in the book of Negarakertagama, “Lwa elephants.” Elephant Cave is a cave in which there is a historical heritage of Bali in the past. Many ancient artifacts of historical value which you can find here. In addition, you can also enjoy the beauty of nature with the rice paddies and the river nearby.
Elephant Cave Temple is one of the oldest temples and historical symbol and witness the development of the civilization of Hindu and Buddhist community on the island of Bali. Elephant Cave if in meaningful then interpret the elephant. Why call the Elephant Cave? because one of the complex there is a large carved with goa at its entrance that resembles an elephant, then that’s the temple called Elephant Cave Temple.
HISTORY OF ELEPHANT CAVE ( GOA GAJAH BALI )
Elephant Cave Temple themselves still have a debate when built in detail, but according to 1365 Majapahit Kingdom that many AD stated that Elephant Cave temple built by a Kingdom in Bali named the Kingdom in the 12th century Bedahulu 11 AD, when King Sri Astasura Ratna Earth Banten were enthroned. This place was once used by him to isolate himself or before the cultural influence of the Majapahit Kingdom entry to Bali island.
In the notes also mention that Elephant Cave Temple used for worship by the two religions at once, namely Hinduism and Buddhism or when it is called with the Shiva-Buddha religion and in further development when the popularity of Buddhism dims Elephant Cave Temple remains in use as a place of worship of Hindus. The temple complex also is a site where archaeologists on the temple page there are many pieces of statues and temples which are not done yet compiled.
THE STRUCTURE IN THE ELEPHANT CAVE ( GOA GAJAH BALI )
In the eastern section of the cave, there are three “Lingam” standing in the niche. While in the western part there is Ganesha statue. Then in the middle or “keluwan” of the cave there are three Commemorative again as a symbol of “Shiva”, or “Sang Hyang Tri Purusha”. Meanwhile in the front part of the cave or “teben” there is a statue of Ganesha is the son of Shiva. Ganesha is the God with a human body and the head of an elephant who was the son of Shiva and Parvati. The presence of this statue is estimated to be the origin of the name “Elephant Cave.”\
In addition there are seven sacred pools with seven angel’s statue emits water around the cave. These sculptures are symbols of the seven sacred rivers cradle Hinduism and Buddhism are there in India. It is said that this shower afterwards, as the seventh of seven rivers are important and highly respected in the land of India nor trust Hindus of Bali. Indeed many heritage objects history which can be found in the complex of this holy place.
The area of the sanctuary is divided into three parts. The first building, a complex of Hindu temples are built around the 10th century AD. Furthermore, the Holy building of Hindu temples shaped small or also known as “pelinggih” which was built later. And then the last part was building a Buddhist relic roughly built around 8th abada or with the building of Borobudur Temple in Central Java.
THE REQUIREMENTS FOR ENTERING THE ELEPANTH CAVE
When it was about to get into this tourist attraction, visitors must first wear scarves that had been provided at the counters before entering. Kamen also provided (Balinese sarong) which can be used for your from short because it is in this place, you are required to dress neatly and politely. As for the women who are menstruating are prohibited from entering this place. The entrance to the Elephant Cave Temple just enough to be passed over for 1 person, so tourists are required to queue up to get into the Elephant Cave.
Then visitors will pass through a declining path and passage neared the tourist sites. Elephant Cave himself has started revealing its beauty from a height because it is his position that it is under. After closing in on the lips of goa, then visitors can simply enjoy the beauty of goa’s mouth sculpture Balinese style which symbolizes the lush forests and its living beings.
Location of Pura Elephant Cave is at Bedulu village, sub-district of Blahbatuh Gianyar Regencies (Kabupaten). Its distance from Denpasar approximately 26 Km, it is very easy to reach. There are the stalls arts and restaurants. The temple is surrounded by rice fields with the beauty of the Petanu River Gorge, located at the Denpasar – Tampaksiring – Lake Batur Kintamani .
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