The Betawi Mask Dance is one of the indigenous betawi in community dance Jakarta the use of a mask as his trademark. This dance is a combination of dance, music, and singing. Like the theatre or opera, dancers dancing with the sound of music and accompanied in song. The Betawi mask dance is more theatrical in nature and communicative through movement.
Visualization of motion i.e. mask dance, which was made without any of the ancestors through the plan. There is a Sundanese culture impact, but has his trademark shaped surf. Some of the dancer wearing a mask similar to Mask Banjet Karawang in West Java, betawi mask but in using the language. In the betawi mask alone there are three elements: music, dance and theater.
Betawi mask dance in this is called mask dance. One of the Rare artists who already figure carrying a variety of dances the Betawi mask dance mainly to overseas i.e. Entong Kisam. He had traveled to five continents, and 33 countries. A country that often he lawati together dance group topengnya France, China and Thailand.
WHY USE A MASK?
Why use a “mask”? This is because in the past the community considers the Betawi Mask have magical powers. In addition it can avert, also judged capable of eliminating the sorrow because of death, illness, or any other misfortune. In addition, the community different approaches regarding the use of the Betawi term masks. Perhaps for many people, the mask that is the guise (face cover). However, it is not for the community. Betawi community uses the term “mask” for the show.
The Betawi Mask Dance originally performed rounds by the artists. They usually act as fillers in entertainment events, such as weddings, circumcision, and more. According to the beliefs of the society were, this dance can be distanced from the plague. But along with the changing times, that belief began to wear off and made this dance only entertainment in the show only. But despite that belief began to disappear, this dance remains on hold in order to enliven the party or custom event.
HISTORY OF THE BETAWI MASK DANCE
According to the history of the Betawi mask dance in Jakarta and its surroundings (Batavia en Ommelanden) in w. l. Ritter and e. Hardouin created th. 1872 mentions that there is one game that was popular at the time. The definition of “Klein Maskerspel” a Straatvertoningen (a spectacle of the streets) which is thought to derive from the mask Babakan Cirebon.
The opinion of several people Dance the Betawi, generally there are three technical criteria need to be met by would-be dancer Betawi Mask to get the proper motion resulted as well as the right for the attainment of unity of aesthetic gestures as well as matching IE Gandes (flexible), Learning (cheerful) and Frisky without load at the time of dancing.
In the show, the Betawi mask dance at the start with a song accompanied by music. After that the dancers come out while dancing using masks. The movement of the dancers performed depending on the theme in bring. Themes in bring in this dance belongs to vary markedly among these are people’s lives, legend, social criticism, and other classic stories. The Betawi mask dance is a dance that is theatrical. So there are messages conveyed through movement in dance. This dance is usually accompanied by betawi traditional music instruments like the rebab, gendang big, kempul, kromong three, kecrek, kulanter and gong jars.
UNIQUE COSTUMES ON THE BETAWI MASK DANCE
The costume used in the Betawi mask dance also depends on that theme in bring, yet still do not escape from the typical fashion. For men usually wear black clothing, t-shirt, pants, and gloves. In addition in the head usually use caps or headbands. For female dancers usually use long cloth and clothing in the kebaya complete the shawl with. In addition to the head wearing a Crown color commonly called withflower mask. And don’t forget to wear masks covering the faces of the dancers. The mask in use the dancers made of wood. This mask does not wear the sash on the head, but attaching them to the face dancers in a way in bite on the inside of topengnya.
For this the Betawi mask dance dances that not one easily. There are 3 things that must be in the possession of the betawi mask dancer. First, the dancers must gendes, namely flexible or weak supply. Dancers must also be cheerful and should not look sad when dancing. Lastly, the dancers have to be nimble and move freely.
Special for the community of Betawi, Betawi Mask used in the ritual of life, which is considered quite important, such as weddings and circumcision. On both rituals, the Betawi Mask held to tone up the party. In addition, the Masks Were also held with the purpose of paying the vow. Despite having to pay dearly for a show Betawi Mask, but it feels it does not become the issue. In the process, The Betawi Mask Dance not only in the use as entertainment events when a wedding or circumcision only. But this dance is also often in the pentaskan on the big event of the indigenous betawi di Jakarta .
Along with the changing of the times, it appears that the Betawi Mask also has undergone significant changes. Narrative performances mask, no longer the theme of poverty in the regions, and landlords have been switched by using the national issues that sometimes become specific political interests of legitimacy. Can be felt, the development times have changed historical sequences from the Betawi Mask. Not only physically but also its ideology.
In other words, there has been growth in the diversity of culture, in this case the diversity performance of the Betawi Mask. That’s understandable, given the sense of belonging towards the culture of the Betawi, now not only Betawi people belong to, but also owned the newcomers who want to preserve Betawi culture according to his time.
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